Adult Chihuahua Nutrition

Commercial Dog Food 

Commercial dog food labels can be as confusing to read as reading human food labels, but usually the more expensive the dog food, the better the quality. The fewer the ingredients the better. The first ingredient in a lot of dog foods is corn. Corn is not digested well by dogs and is of low nutritional value by the time it's processed into dog food, it is the most commonly added ingredient in commercial dog food. My female dog actually suffered hair loss due to an allergy to corn. Low quality dog food is also stuffed full of filler ingredients like processed wood chips (called powdered cellulose) and artificial flavors to make the inferior ingredients appealing to your dog. This is not to say that your puppy will die from eating, but there will likely be long term effects down the road. When the food has better nutrition they need less food to get the same nutrition as a cheaper dog food product. The  wonderful bonus is their is less waste to pick up in your yard!

The dog food industry is loosely regulated. It is very difficult to get straight answers. The Food and Drug Administration-Center for Veterinary Medicine have no say in the sourcing of the ingredients in dog food. The Association of American Feed Control Officials have no authority to enforce standards. The Pet Food Institute is almost totally run by representatives of pet food manufacturers. 

To select a high quality dog food it is essential that you read the ingredients list. Avoid dog food that has corn or corn meal as the first ingredient. Avoid foods that have a lot fillers and a lot of byproducts. As a rule of thumb (for human food as well), try to get dog food which has ingredients that you know what they are. Do some research on sites like Dog food advisor or Dog food analysis. If you live in a small town with limited access to specialty pet food, you may need to shop online to find high quality food.

High quality Dog foods:

As the general public has become more informed and aware of the need for higher quality dog foods, many companies have answered the call, but they can still be hard to find. Big stores like Wal-mart and Petsmart do not always carry them (depending on your location). The best way to ensure that your Chihuahuas are eating properly is to make your own dog food. For those that do not have the time or the inclination, these dog foods are highly rated and use very high quality ingredients:

4 Health

Acana

Addiction 

Adirondack 

Ancestry 

Avoderm 

Beaverdam 

 Bench and Field 

Blue Buffalo 

Bonafide

Born Free

Bully Max High Performance

Canine Caviar Limited Ingredient 

Castor and Pollux UltraMix Grain Free

Chicken Soup For The Soul (dry)

Dave's Dog Food

Diamond Naturals

Dog For Dog Dogsfood

Dog Lovers Gold

Eagle Pack

Earthborn Holistic

Evangers Grain Free

Evo

Farmina N&D

First Mate

 Fromm

Good Natured

Grandma Lucy's

Halo Spot's Stew (dry)

Happy Paws

Harvest Blend

Honest Kitchen

Iams

Infinia

Jack's Premium

Kirkland

Maximum

Merrick

Muenster

Natural Performance

Nature's harvest

Newman's Own

Nutri Life

 Nutrience

Nutro Farms Harvest

Only Natural

Orijen

Party Animal

Paw Tree

Perfect Balance

Pioneer

 Precise

Primal

Proform

Rachel Ray

Raws

RedPaw Power Edge

Simply Nourish

 Simply Wild

Sojos

Strong Point

Summit

Taste Of Wild

Timberwolf

Tuscan Naturals

Victor

Wedgemans

Wellness

Whole Earth

Wild Calling

 Wishbone

Wysong 

Young Again

Zachs

Zignature

ZiwiPeak

Zoe

 Zukes

 

These are all 4 star rated dog foods. There are a few more not listed, and each brand has its own varieties.

  Home Made Adult Chihuahua Dog Food Recipe

Making your own dog food is the only way to know exactly what your little Chihuahua is eating and to know that they are getting proper Chihuahua nutrition. Your home made food should consist of:

  1. 60% of protein from lean turkey, lean beef, chicken, a little chicken fat is good, fish (mackerel or herring but no more than twice a week) organ meats, lamb, eggs in moderation, 
  2. 40% vegetables carrots, green beans, broccoli, peas, spinach, pumpkin, celery, cauliflower, cucumbers (broccoli and cauliflower may cause gas) Pumpkin is excellent for diarrhea and soothing the tummy.
  3. 40% carbohydrates white rice, brown rice, potatoes  (must be cooked), oatmeal.

 Easy Recipe

  1. Cook one whole chicken
  2. Separate the bone and fat, save about 1/2 cup of fat, save the broth
  3. Add chicken to 2 cups of rice (after cooking, brown or white)
  4. Mix in 2 cups of veggies, peas add extra protein

package all together and scoop out as needed or put in individual containers, store in the fridge, or the freezer if not used in a week.

Veggies and fruits good for dogs, spinach, brussel sprouts, broccoli, carrots, pumpkin, sweet potatoes, blueberries, asparagus, green beans, cantaloupe, watermelon, apples. (cored seed free)

 

How much to feed your Chihuahua 

A 5 pound Chihuahua would need approximately 4% of their body weight = 3.2 ounces of food daily.

Five pounds (5 pounds x 4%= 3.2 ounces)

The percentage is lower for large and medium breeds (2% to 3%) 

Cottage cheese and yogurt are the only recommended cow dairy food for dogs. Yogurt is excellent for diarrhea and calcium. Cottage cheese is great for extra calcium, nursing mothers need.

Time vs Cost

It is time consuming to cook up some chicken, throw in some rice and veggies,right? You must prepare, cook, sort out the bones and most of the fat, mix all the ingredients together, then bag it and store it. It is more time efficient to make a big batch all at once and then store it. You can store all in one big bag, scooping out what is needed, or individual storage. This should keep in your fridge for about a week, longer than a week, keep in your freezer.

The cost of making your own dog food is equivalent to or cheaper than buying premium dog food. Commercial premium dog food saves time and is more convenient.

Give raw bones in their diet twice weekly for teeth cleaning (again raw), or buy commercial chews.There is some controversy over splintered bones causing health problems.

There is also the option of supplementing their diet, either with commercially bought or you prepare.

Do your homework and pick the dog food you believe is best for your Chihuahua.

REFERENCES:

http://www.petfood.aafco.org/labelinglabelingrequirements.aspx

 http://www.fda.gov/AnimalVeterinary/Products/AnimalFoodFeeds/PetFood/default.htm

http://www.dogfoodadvisor.com/best-dog-foods/best-dry-dog-foods/

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Comments   

#1 tganshaw 2015-07-10 16:44
If a Chi needs 4% of their body weight wouldn't a 5 pound Chihuahua = 2 ounces instead of 3.2. I'm just making sure that there wasn't another purpose for this number. Thanks so much,
#2 admin 2015-08-07 17:59
I believe 3.2 ounces is correct. 5lbs x 16 ounces in a pound = 80 ounces. 80 x .04 (4%) = 3.2 ounces. How are you getting 2 ounces?